Barzinji, Mahmud Sheikh

   Sheikh Mahmud Barzinji descended from an old and respected family of Qadiri sheikhs dating back several centuries. Great Britain appointed him their governor of the territory around Sulaymaniya in 1918. He promptly revolted and declared himself king of Kurdistan. His support proved limited, and using air warfare, the British put down several of the sheikh's uprisings. After his final revolt in 1931, the sheikh lived out his long life under house arrest in the south of Iraq. Subsequently, his rebellions came to be seen as an early symbol of Kurdish nationalism.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

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  • Sheikh —    The Arabic origin of the word sheikh is simply old man. In Kurdistan, however, sheikhs are holy men, recipients of popular devotion that at times borders on worship and leaders of sufi orders. Traditionally, they enjoyed wide respect and thus… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Sheikh Nuri Sheikh Salih Sheikh Ghani Barzinji — Sheikh Nuri Sheikh Salih Sheikh Ghani Sheikh Abdul Qadir is from the Barzinji tribe of Kurdistan. Sheikh Nuri was born in the Suleimani neighbourhood of Ashaba Spi in 1896. Sheikh Nuri was a relative to the last Kurdish King, Shiekh Mahmud… …   Wikipedia

  • Kurdistan Democratic Party — (KDP)    The preeminent Kurdish party in Iraq, the Kurdish Democratic Party (renamed Kurdistan Democratic Party in 1953 to indicate that it represented all the people in Iraqi Kurdistan, not just the Kurds), is essentially a nationalist and… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Sulaymaniyah — السليمانية Silêmanî سلێمانی Sulaymaniyah city …   Wikipedia

  • Qadiri —    Qadiri is one of the two main sufi orders in Kurdistan, the other being the Naqshbandi. The Qadiris take their name from Sheikh Abd al Qadir (1077 1166) a most revered Islamic saint whose tomb in Baghdad remains a well known shrine but he had… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • HISTORICAL BACKGROUND — The origin of the Kurds is uncertain, although some scholars believe them to be the descendants of various Indo European tribes, which settled in the area as long as 4,000 years ago. The Kurds themselves claim to be the descendants of the Medes… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Mustafa Barzani — Born March 14, 1903(1903 03 14) Barzan, Iraq, Ottoman Empire Died March 1, 1979 …   Wikipedia

  • Iraq —    Following World War I, Great Britain artificially created Iraq out of the former Ottoman vilayets of Mosul, Baghdad, and Basra. This new state consisted of a numerical but politically repressed    Shiite Arab majority of perhaps 60 percent of… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Soane, Major Ely Bannister — (1881 1923)    Major E. B. Soane was a politically controversial writer, traveler, and, from 1919 to 1921, political officer of Great Britain in northern Iraq. Although he considered Sheikh Mahmud Barzinji a rogue, Soane was deeply committed to… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Khalid al-Baghdadi — was a Naqshbandi Sufi Sheikh and founder of the Khalidi branch of the Naqshbandi order. He was born in Shehrezur, Karadag an area near to Sulaymaniye in northern Iraq. His full name was Khalid ibn Husain taking the nickname Ziyauddin and al… …   Wikipedia

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